1. Begin with expressive writing – insert only authors whose work comes to mind as you write.
  2. Try not to interrupt your writing with ‘checking authors’ – it breaks the flow of your writing. Just make a note where you are unsure with (XXXX). Come back to it later.
  3. Write different loose pieces, which you can integrate later. Don’t ignore them when they come to mind, but also don’t let them interfere with your flow.
  4. Writing is not a linear process, although the product appears in a linear format.


Most students cannot see the bigger picture and do not yet realise that the whole is more than the sum of its parts, which in turn cannot be fully determined until the parts have been completed…

***For more information please open the following PDF: Task-based approach (TBA) to proposal writing. EH***